The National Health Mission (NHM) is an initiative by the Government of India that aims to provide accessible and affordable healthcare to all citizens. It was launched in 2013 as a comprehensive program to address the health needs of the underserved population in both rural and urban areas. The NHM encompasses various schemes and programs, one of which is the NHM Exams.
The purpose of the National Health Mission (NHM) exams is to recruit qualified and competent healthcare professionals to work in NHM-supported health facilities across India. NHM aims to improve the availability of and access to quality healthcare services for all, especially for the poor and vulnerable.
The NHM exams are significant because they help to select qualified and competent candidates who can work as CHOs and deliver quality health care services to the people. The NHM exams are also important because they offer an opportunity for healthcare professionals to contribute to the improvement of public health in India. By working in NHM-supported health facilities, healthcare professionals can help to make quality healthcare more accessible and affordable for all.
The NHM exams also help to create a pool of trained and skilled health workers who can address the health needs and challenges of the community. The NHM exams are designed to test the individuals’ knowledge, skills, and aptitude in various domains related to health, such as reproductive, maternal, neonatal, child and adolescent health, communicable and non-communicable diseases, health system strengthening, and community participation.
First is the Nursing and Paramedical exams which recruit nurses, pharmacists, laboratory technicians, and other paramedical personnel through specialized exams. These tests evaluate candidates’ knowledge of healthcare procedures, medical equipment operations, and the ability to work in clinical settings.
Second is the NHM Community Health Officer (CHO) Exam, this exam is conducted by the National Health Mission of different states to recruit candidates for the post of Community Health Officer (CHO). The CHO is a key person who is responsible for providing primary health care services to the rural and urban population. The CHO works at the Health and Wellness Centres (HWCs) under the Ayushman Bharat scheme, which aims to achieve universal health coverage in India.
Third is, the Public Health Specialist Exams which are critical for planning and implementing public health programs. NHM may conduct specialized exams for public health professionals to assess their understanding of epidemiology, health promotion, and disease control.
Fourth is the Midwifery and Auxiliary Nurse Midwife (ANM) Exam which is conducted by the National Health Mission of Uttar Pradesh to recruit candidates for the post of Auxiliary Nurse Midwife (ANM). The ANM is a female health worker who provides basic health care services to the women and children in the community. The ANM works at the Sub-Centres (SCs) under the NHM, which are the first contact point between the community and the health system. These exams assess candidates’ knowledge of safe childbirth practices, maternal care, and newborn care.
If you want to sit in the NHM exams you must know about its criteria whether you are applicable or not so let’s discuss, first of all, you must be a citizen of India and the minimum age requirement for NHM exams varies depending on the specific exam. For example, the minimum age requirement for the Staff Nurse exam is 18 years, while the minimum age requirement for the Medical Officer exam is 21 years, so age is different for different different exams.
You must meet minimum educational qualifications related to the specific position. For medical officers, this may require a medical degree (e.g., MBBS) and for nursing positions, a diploma or degree in nursing. Administrative and managerial positions may require bachelor’s or master’s degrees in relevant fields like healthcare management, public health, or business administration.
Certain NHM exams may give preference to you if you are a resident of the state or region in which the exam is being conducted. This is done to prioritize local talent and ensure that healthcare professionals are familiar with the specific healthcare needs and challenges of the area. Nurses and doctors who wish to take NHM exams must be registered with the relevant state nursing council or medical council.
You may also have additional eligibility criteria for specific NHM exams. For example, the NHM exam for Community Health Officers (CHOs) may require you to have experience working in rural areas.
The syllabus for NHM exams may vary depending on the specific exam. However, most NHM exams cover a range of topics, including General knowledge, Public health, Medical terminology, etc.
In General Knowledge, you have to study current events in India and around the world, including politics, economics, social issues, and science and technology. and Indian history from ancient times to the present day, as well as Indian culture, including art, music, literature, and religion, including world geography, physical geography, human geography, and economic geography, and basic principles of science, including physics, chemistry, and biology, and in mathematics arithmetic, algebra, and geometry.
In public health, you have to focus on the Definition of community health, determinants of community health, and strategies for improving community health and principles of epidemiology, methods of disease surveillance, and strategies for disease prevention, including reproductive health, pregnancy care, childbirth, postpartum care, and child health care and also basic principles of nutrition, dietary requirements for different age groups, and common nutritional disorders.
Physical, psychological, and social development of adolescents, common health problems of adolescents, and adolescent health programs and causes, modes of transmission, prevention, and treatment of common communicable diseases and non-communicable, causes risk factors, prevention, and management of common non-communicable diseases, such as cardiovascular diseases, cancer, diabetes, and chronic respiratory diseases and lastly objectives, implementation strategies, and impact of national health programs, such as the National Rural Health Mission (NRHM), the National Urban Health Mission (NUHM), and the Mission Indradhanush.
In medical terminology, you have to familiar with medical terms, abbreviations, and symbols is commonly used in the healthcare field and basic knowledge of the human body’s structure and function. Basic understanding of drugs, their classification, and their effects on the human body. Principles of disease processes, diagnostic tests, laboratory procedures, etc.
As we all know, these exams play a crucial role in ensuring that qualified individuals are hired to contribute to the mission’s goal of providing accessible and affordable healthcare to all citizens. Digital Seva Portal is the best choice for getting detailed information or guidance on passport services or process/procedures, or related services as we are one of the top-notch service providers in India because we provide comprehensive and up-to-date information.
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The NHM Exams offer a wide range of job opportunities in the healthcare sector and provide a platform for individuals to showcase their skills and knowledge in the field of healthcare.